1 a speech defect that involves pronouncing s like voiceless th and z like voiced th
2 a flexible procedure-oriented programing language that manipulates symbols in the form of lists [syn: list-processing language] v : speak with a lisp
- Standard: /lɪsp/
- The habit or an act of lisping.
The habit or an act of lisping.
- Icelandic: smámæli
- Spanish: ceceo, balbuceo
- Pronounce the sibilant letter ‘s’ imperfectly; to give ‘s’ and ‘z’ the sounds of ‘th’ (/θ / ð/) — a defect common amongst children.
- Speak with imperfect articulation; to mispronounce, as a child learning to talk.
- Speak hesitatingly and with a low voice, as if afraid.
- Pronounce with a lisp.
- Utter with imperfect articulation; to express with words pronounced imperfectly or indistinctly, as a child speaks; hence, to express by the use of simple, childlike language.
- Speak with reserve or concealment; to utter timidly or confidentially; as, to lisp treason.
Pronounce the sibilant letter ‘s’ imperfectly
A lisp (OE wlisp, stammering) is a speech impediment, historically also known as sigmatism. Stereotypically, people with a lisp are unable to pronounce sibilants (like the sound [s]), and replace them with interdentals (like the sound [θ]), though there are actually several kinds of lisp. The result is that the speech is unclear.
- "Interdental" lisping is produced when the tip of the tongue protrudes between the front teeth and "dentalised" lisping is produced when the tip of the tongue just touches the front teeth.
- The "lateral" lisp, where the /s/ and /z/ sounds are produced with air escaping over the sides of the tongue, is also called 'slushy ess' or a 'slushy lisp' due to the wet, spitty sound. The symbols for these lateralized sounds are in the Extended International Phonetic Alphabet for speech disorders, [ʪ] and [ʫ].
- Finally, there is the "palatal lisp," where the speaker attempts to make the sounds with the tongue in contact with the palate.
lisp in German: Lispeln
lisp in Italian: Sigmatismo
lisp in Japanese: 構音障害
lisp in Lithuanian: Šveplavimas
lisp in Dutch: slissen
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